Saturday, March 7, 2015

CONTACT: Mystery "Noise" Could Be An Earth-like World - Strange Signals Suggest Habitable Planet Exists 22 Light Years Away!

Astronomers believe mysterious 'alien signals' - previously dismissed as stellar bursts - are in fact coming from an Earth-like planet.
The Gliese 581d planet was initially discovered in 2010 (artist's impression pictured)


March 7, 2015 -  SPACE - Astronomers believe mysterious signals - previously dismissed as stellar bursts - are coming from an Earth-like planet.

The Gliese 581d planet has conditions that could support life, and is likely to be a rocky world, twice the size of Earth.

Signals from the planet were initially discovered in 2010, but last year dismissed as noise from distant stars.

Now, a further study claims that the 2014 research was based on 'inadequate analyses of the data' and that Gliese 581d does exist.

CONTROVERSY AROUND GLIESE 581D: IS IT REALLY A PLANET?

The planet was initially discovered in 2010. It was the first Earth-like planet found in the 'Goldilocks'-zone around another star.

But soon after the discovery, a group of scientists said the signals thought to be from a planet were in fact simply magnetic bursts from stars.

The latest study claims that the stellar bursts research was based on 'inadequate analyses of the data'.
They said the method is suitable for large planets, but the technique is unable to find small planets like GJ 581d.
 Last year, Pennsylvania State University researchers said Gliese 581d - and its companion Gliese 581g - were simply a trick of the light caused by magnetic bursts from a local star 22 light-years away.

The new British research, however, argues the method used by the Pennsylvania team was only suitable for large planets, and that it could miss small ones like GJ 581d.


The Gliese 581d planet is likely to be a rocky world, twice the size of Earth. Pictured is an artist's impression
of the planetary orbits of the Gliese 581 system compared to those of our own solar system.

The study, by Queen Mary University, London and the University of Hertfordshire, claims to use a more accurate model on the existing data.

'The existence (or not) of GJ 581d is significant because it was the first Earth-like planet discovered in the 'Goldilocks'-zone around another star and it is a benchmark case for the Doppler technique,' said lead author, Dr Guillem Anglada-Escudé.

'There are always discussions among scientists about the ways we interpret data but I'm confident that GJ 581d has been in orbit around Gliese 581 all along.

'In any case, the strength of their statement was way too strong.

'If their way to treat the data had been right, then some planet search projects at several ground-based observatories would need to be significantly revised as they are all aiming to detect even smaller planets.


'WE'LL FIND AN EXACT REPLICA OF EARTH IN 15 YEARS', SAYS NASA

According to one of Nasa's top planet hunters, we will find a planet with oceans like Earth in the next 15 years.

Dr John Mather is an astrophysicist at the Nasa Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, and the senior project scientist on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

The giant telescope will be used to find the first bright objects that formed in the universe, figure out how galaxies evolved and find out how stars formed.

But perhaps most excitingly, it will study Earth-like worlds beyond our solar system.

'We hope to find a planet that's Earth-like and measure its atmosphere to work out if it has enough water on it to make an ocean,' he said in an interview with

'I think that will be in around ten to 15 years from now.

'In that time we might be able to say: 'I can see that star over there. [Its planet] has a climate that's like Earth and it might have life on it.'


'One needs to be more careful with these kind of claims'

GJ 581d is believed to be the first planet outside our solar system in the Goldilocks zone around its star – an area not too hot and not too cold for life.

To find Gliese 581d, University of California, Santa Cruz astronomers originally looked for subtle changes in light caused by the gravity of an orbiting planet tugging back and forth on the star.


Gliese 581 (the bright star shown in the centre), which is 22 light-years away, has three other confirmed planets, none of which lie within its habitable zone

The strength of the tugging, they believed, showed them a planet was about three times as massive as Earth.

At the time, the discovery of Earth-like planets around Gliese 581 caught the public imagination.

Documentary-maker RDF and social-networking site Bebo used a radio telescope in Ukraine to send a powerful focused beam of information - 500 messages from the public in the form of radio waves - to Gliese 581.


WATCH:  Computer generated simulation of Gliese 581d.



And the Australian science minister at the time organised 20,000 users of Twitter to send messages towards the distant solar system in the wake of the discoveries.

Other exoplanets have previously been doubted, most notably Alpha Centauri Bb, the closest Earth-sized world to us, which some scientists claim could just be noise in the data. - Daily Mail.




ANOTHER EARTH: Earth's "Secretive Neighbor" - NASA's Dawn Spacecraft Makes First Visit To Dwarf Planet, Reaches Ceres Orbit?!

Artist concept showing the Dawn spacecraft at Ceres. (Image by NASA)

March 7, 2015 -  SPACE - A spacecraft operated by NASA has become the first of its kind to achieve orbit around a dwarf planet, the agency confirms.

NASA said on Friday that mission control in California learned at around 5:36 a.m. PST that the Dawn spacecraft had settled into orbit as expected around Ceres, a mini-planet between Mars and Jupiter.

"Downlink has begun! We're analyzing the signal to confirm that the spacecraft is healthy and in orbit at #Ceres,"
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced on Twitter.


Artist concept of Ceres. (Image by NASA)

"Since its discovery in 1801, Ceres was known as a planet, then an asteroid and later a dwarf planet," JPL mission director Marc Rayman, the chief engineer of Dawn, said in a statement. "Now, after a journey of 3.1 billion miles (4.9 billion kilometers) and 7.5 years, Dawn calls Ceres, home."

Relatively speaking, of course—according to the BCC, JPL project manager Robert Mase said Dawn will still be tens of thousands of miles away from Ceres at any time, but still closer than the Earth is to its own moon—and close enough to collect data.

"Over the next month, we'll re-shape the orbit and get ready to begin the prime science phase,” Mase said.


Chris Russell, a principal investigator of the Dawn mission, said in a statement put out by NASA on Friday that his team was “exhilarated.”

“We have much to do over the next year and a half, but we are now on station with ample reserves, and a robust plan to obtain our science objectives,”
Russell said.

Indeed, NASA has never before sent a spacecraft of any sort to Ceres, making the start of the Dawn mission a critical step to understand what Russell described as Earth’s “secretive neighbor” when he spoke about his team’s efforts to USA Today.

"This is a first reconnaissance of an entirely new world,” explained Rayman, the chief engineer.

"Everything we're seeing was unexpected,”
added Russell.


WATCH: NASA spacecraft makes historic first visit to dwarf planet.




Ceres is roughly 4.5 billion years old, but was only discovered a little more than 200 years ago. Scientists now hope to learn more about the dwarf planet than ever before through its latest probe, and from there can make determinations about other oddities within the solar system. - RT.




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