Wednesday, April 8, 2015

ANOTHER EARTH: Astronomers Have Discovered The Basic Ingredients For Life Around Distant Star - For The First Time Ever!



April 8, 2015 - SPACE
- For the first time, astronomers have discovered complex organic molecules, the basic building blocks for life, in a disk of gas and dust surrounding an alien star.

To the researchers' surprise, the organics found around a young star called MWC 480 are not only surviving but thriving in quantities slightly higher than those thought to have existed in the early solar system. The prolific amount of material reveals that Earth's solar system is not the only one to contain these complex molecules, suggesting that the ingredients required for life to evolve may exist throughout the universe. The scientists created a video tour of the star MWC 48 to showcase their discovery

"The very rich organic chemistry present in the young solar system, as evidenced by cometary compositions, is far from unique," lead author Karin Öberg, of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Massachusetts, told Space.com by email.

"It thus seems likely that the prebiotic chemistry that took place in the solar system, including Earth, is also happening elsewhere," she said. 


Building blocks abound

Located in the Taurus star-forming region 455 light-years away from Earth, the star MWC 480 is about twice the mass of the sun and shines nearly 10 times brighter. A disk of material surrounds the million-year-old star, but scientists have not observed any obvious signs of planet formation.

Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), Öberg and her colleagues observed MWC 480, finding enough methyl cyanide (a complex carbon-based molecule) in the disk surrounding the star to fill all of Earth's oceans. They also found a supply of other complex carbon-based molecules.

Volatile elements such as cyanides boil away at high temperatures. Despite this fragility, they are thought to be necessary for life. The carbon-nitrogen bonds of cyanides are especially important, as they are essential to the formation of amino acids, which in turn are the building blocks for proteins.

While astronomers have found simple volatilesin disks around other stars, complex organic molecules such as those spotted by the team have remained more difficult to pin down in previously studied disks. These complex elements exist in interstellar clouds between stars, but scientists were unsure if the elements could survive the energetic formation of a young solar system, where radiation could break apart their bonds. But the material surrounding MWC 480 is awash in the building blocks of life.




Öberg and her team found cyanides throughout the disk, in locations ranging from 30 to 100 times the distance of Earth from the sun. Scaling the massive system down, the region is comparable to the solar system's Kuiper Belt, the region beyond Pluto where cold planetesimals and icy comets reside.

By studying asteroids and comets, Öberg and her team determined that the disk surrounding MWC 480 contains more organic cyanides than currently observed in the comets of Earth's solar system. The presence of these complex organics suggests that the building blocks for life may exist in planetary systems throughout the universe.

"What I find most exciting here is the general context in which this places the assembly of planetary systems," Geoffrey Blake, of the California Institute of Technology, told Space.com by email. Blake, who was not involved in the research, authored a News & Views article that appeared alongside the research.

"We know from the Kepler mission and other searches that planets are incredibly common," he said. "From studies such as this, we are learning that the pivotal chemical compounds needed to seed early worlds with the volatiles required for life are universal."

The research, along with Blake's article, appears online in the journal Nature.


Delivery: Earth

After planets in the early solar system evolved, they suffered constant bombardment from icy comets. These comets, leftovers from the birth of the solar system, are thought to have seeded Earth with water and other elements necessary for life to evolve. By studying the compositionof comets today, scientists can determine how plentiful complex organic molecules, such as methyl cyanide, were in the early solar system.

Because the cyanides around MWC 480 are located in a region analogous to the Kepler Belt, the same bombardmentmay occur for the planets that form around that star, or any other that hosts a similar disk. Since the early Earth contained far less carbon and nitrogenthan the planet does today, the process was highly important.

"The delivery of volatiles that contain these elements, and water, to the surface of the Earth is critical to life as we know it," Blake wrote. "Once on the surface, cyanides are likely very important to the origin of life."

Öberg's team relied on the extreme sensitivity of ALMAto detect the cyanides in gas form. The telescope is in fact an array of several individual 7- and 12-meter (23 to 39 inches) instruments whose positions can be shifted as needed.

"This huge improvement in sensitivity and imaging resolution is opening up entirely new frontiers in astronomy and exoplanetary science," Blake said. "We literally can image, with ALMA, the molecular gas in zones around young stars in which planetesimal formation is underway, in molecules we could never detect before."

ALMA, along with other imaging instruments, can be put to use searching for the elusive cyanides around other young stars, as well as the movement of ices, organics and rocks.

"We are exploring entirely new territory here," Blake said. "Until now, we had but one example to study the organic chemistry associated with the birth of planetary systems — our own solar system. Now, we will be able to examine protoplanetary disks around low-mass stars, high-mass stars, stars in clusters, stars by themselves, etc. Some chemical models have been run, but there is no substitute for measurements!" - Yahoo.



CONTACT: Signs Of Alien Life Will Be Found By 2025 - NASA's Chief Scientist Predicts?!

Recent observations by planetary probes and telescopes on the ground and in space have shown that water is commonthroughout our solar system and the
broader Milky Way galaxy.[Pin It] Recent observations by planetary probesand telescopes on the ground and in space have shown that water is common
throughout our solar systemand the broader Milky Way galaxy.  Credit: NASA

April 8, 2015 -  UNITED STATES
 -  Humanity is on the verge of discovering alien life, high-ranking NASA scientists say.

"I think we're going to have strong indications of life beyond Earth within a decade, and I think we're going to have definitive evidence within 20 to 30 years," NASA chief scientist Ellen Stofan said Tuesday (April 7) during a panel discussion that focused on the space agency's efforts to search for habitable worlds and alien life.

"We know where to look. We know how to look," Stofan added during the event, which was webcast live. "In most cases we have the technology, and we're on a path to implementing it. And so I think we're definitely on the road."

Former astronaut John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, shared Stofan's optimism, predicting that signs of life will be found relatively soon both in our own solar system and beyond.

"I think we're one generation away in our solar system, whether it's on an icy moon or on Mars, and one generation [away] on a planet around a nearby star," Grunsfeld said during Tuesday's event.

Many habitable environments
Recent discoveries suggest that the solar system and broader Milky Way galaxy teem with environments that could support life as we know it, Grunsfeld said.

For example, oceans of liquid water slosh beneath the icy shells of the Jupiter moons Europa and Ganymede, as well as that of the Saturn satellite Enceladus. Oceans covered much of Mars in the ancient past, and seasonal dark streaks observed on the Red Planet's surface today may be caused by salty flowing water.

Further, NASA's Curiosity rover has found carbon-containing organic molecules and "fixed" nitrogen, basic ingredients necessary for Earth-like life, on the Martian surface.

Farther afield, observations by NASA's Kepler space telescope suggest that nearly every star in the sky hosts planets — and many of these worlds may be habitable. Indeed, Kepler's work has shown that rocky worlds like Earth and Mars are probably more common throughout the galaxy than gas giants such as Saturn and Jupiter.

And just as the solar system is awash in water, so is the greater galaxy, said Paul Hertz, director of NASA's Astrophysics Division.

The Milky Way is "a soggy place," Hertz said during Tuesday's event. "We can see water in the interstellar clouds from which planetary systems and stellar systems form. We can see water in the disks of debris that are going to become planetary systems around other stars, and we can even see comets being dissipated in other solar systems as [their] star evaporates them."

Looking for life
Hunting for evidence of alien life is a much trickier proposition than identifying potentially habitable environments. But researchers are working steadily toward that more involved and ambitious goal, Stofan and others said.

For example, the agency's next Mars rover, scheduled to launch in 2020, will search for signs of past life and cache samples for a possible return to Earth for analysis. NASA also aims to land astronauts on Mars in the 2030s — a step Stofan regards as key to the search for Mars life.

"I'm a field geologist; I go out and break open rocks and look for fossils," Stofan said. "Those are hard to find. So I have a bias that it's eventually going to take humans on the surface of Mars — field geologists, astrobiologists, chemists — actually out there looking for that good evidence of life that we can bring back to Earth for all the scientists to argue about."

NASA is also planning out a mission to Europa, which may launch as early as 2022. The main goal of this $2.1 billion mission will be to shed light on the icy moon's potential habitability, but it could also search for signs of alien life: Agency officials are considering ways to sample and study the plumes of water vapor that apparently erupt from Europa's south polar region.

In the exoplanet realm, the agency's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), an $8.8 billion instrument scheduled to launch in 2018, will scope out the atmospheres of nearby "super-Earth" alien planets, looking for gases that may have been produced by life.

JWST will scan the starlight that passes through the air of super-Earths, which are more massive than our own planet but significantly less so than gaseous worlds such as Uranus and Neptune. This method, called transit spectroscopy, will likely not work for potentially habitable Earth-size worlds, Hertz said.

Searching for biosignature gases on small, rocky exoplanets will instead probably require direct imaging of these worlds, using a "coronagraph" to block out the overwhelming glare of their parent stars, Hertz added.

NASA's potential Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope, which may launch in the mid-2020s if given the official go-ahead, would include a coronagraph for exoplanet observations. - SPACE.




EXOPOLITICAL DISCLOSURE OR DECEPTION: GoodETxSG - Whistleblower Claims Secret Space Programs Are More Complex Than Previously Revealed?!



April 8, 2015 -  UNITED STATES
 - According to a new whistleblower claiming to have worked with multiple secret space programs, the complexity of programs, technologies and their dynamic interrelations is far greater than anything previously revealed. The overall scope of information “Corey” (aka GoodETxSG/Luke), is revealing on these secret space programs appears destined to dwarf anything released by prior whistleblowers. Already according to David Wilcock, who has spent 22 years researching whistleblower testimony on extraterrestrial life and the secret space program(s), Corey  “knew almost as much as all the others had told me combined.”


In an earlier article, I gave a summary of the information “Corey” has released through his website, internet forums and interviews with David Wilcock. In order to better understand and assess Corey’s controversial claims since writing the summary article, I sent him a set of questions by email on April 4 seeking clarification on various secret space program issues raised in continued discussions on internet forums. He kindly responded to the questions revealing more intriguing details and insights on these increasingly complex issues.

Among Corey’s core claims is that the oldest of up to five rival secret space programs to emerge in the modern era, “Solar Warden”, contains more dated technologies but has a greater dedication to humanity’s long term interests. Those in charge of Solar Warden have decided to leak information about the existence of secret space programs by, for example, allowing their spacecraft to be photographed by the International Space Station.

These pro-disclosure actions along with “service-to-other” activities has made the Solar Warden program the most suitable candidate for a powerful new group of highly evolved extraterrestrials that has allegedly entered into our solar system which has significantly changed the dynamic between rival space programs, and their respective relations with visiting extraterrestrial civilizations and older ancient human space programs.

The “Sphere Alliance,” according to Corey, directly deals only with the Solar Warden program among the five “modern” space programs; and is seeking to assist humanity in a series of conferences whereby private citizens meet secret space program representatives in a secure environment. The second of these exodiplomacy conferences occurred on April 5 according to Corey, the details of which he says he will soon announce.

As described in my earlier summary article, there is no concrete evidence substantiating Corey’s controversial testimony. His responsiveness to people’s questions, attention to detail and consistency helps raise confidence in the veracity of his claims. I have found his willingness to promptly respond to people’s questions, including my own, a clear sign of his sincerity. More importantly, his decision to have his identity revealed in upcoming video interviews with David Wilcock suggests he is willing to stand great public scrutiny at great personal and professional cost. Wilcock recently explained his own rigorous screening efforts regarding Corey’s testimony and that he found nothing awry. Wilcock went as far concluding the he “can personally vouch for the authenticity of his [Corey’s] information.” That’s quite an endorsement from someone who has for over two decades been working with an extensive number of whistleblowers and researchers.

Given Corey’s claim that he was age and time-regressed in his earlier service with the secret space program, it’s unlikely that any hard evidence or documentation will be found to corroborate his prior covert space service. However, his more recent claims of being physically taken to conferences organized by the Sphere Alliance can be verified if other attendees step forward. So far none of the alleged 70 other private individuals attending the first confernece have come forward. That may change, especially as more conference events are held.

The complexity of the narrative Corey has developed about Earth’s secret space program(s) and breakaway civilization(s) appeals to some, but raises red flags for others. A common psychological warfare tool is to mix lots of false information with genuine information to hide the truth in plain sight. Indeed, Gordon Duff, founder of the popular website Veterans Today, claims that as much as 40% of the information released about the secret space program, is disinformation designed to protect sources and methods.

Is Corey’s testimony part of an elaborate psychological warfare operation; or is he revealing the truth about genuine unfolding events involving multiple secret space programs and extraterrestrial visitors? Those that have met and communicated with Corey are impressed by his sincerity and willingness to expose himself to criticism by stepping forward. The information Corey has released so far is consistent with what other whisteblowers have revealed as Wilcock has concluded. The level of information that Corey has released certainly has the potential of transforming life as we know it on the planet. Will his information stand the test of public scrutiny as his identity is revealed and due diligence is conducted on his claims? Hopefully the following email exchange will help the reader begin their own journey in assessing the veracity of Corey’s claims.

Read the entire interview with Corey HERE.

- Michael Salla / Exopolitics.



MARS: The Next Frontier - Glacial Belts Of Water Ice Found On Mars!

Jason Major/Flickr

April 8, 2015 - MARS
 - Using radar measurements from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, researchers have been able to determine that belts of glaciers, making up 150 Billion cubic meters of water ice, encircle the Red Planet.

Scientists at the University of Copenhagen have used radar observations spanning ten years to determine how thick the glacier formations are. Nanna Bjørnholt Karlsson of the Centre for Ice and Climate at the Niels Bohr Institute there explained that previous data listed thousands of glacier-like formations on the planet, but that data didn’t indicate how much ice there was.


The HiRISE, which has collected enough data for researchers to make determinations on the amount of ice within Mars, being prepared to be attached to a spacecraft.
The HiRISE, which has collected enough data for researchers to make determinations on the amount of ice within Mars,
being prepared to be attached to a spacecraft.    © Wikipedia/ NASA

“We have looked at radar measurements spanning ten years back in time to see how thick the ice is and how it behaves. A glacier is after all a big chunk of ice and it flows and gets a form that tells us something about how soft it is. We then compared this with how glaciers on Earth behave and from that we have been able to make models for the ice flow," Bjørnholt Karlsson told Phys.org.


The HiRISE, which has collected enough data for researchers to make determinations on the amount of ice within Mars, being prepared to be attached to a spacecraft.
Close-up of two glacier formations taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

Bjørnholt Karlsson said the glaciers, found in the planet’s northern and southern hemispheres, are arranged in belt patterns around Mars between latitudes 300-500, which on Earth is just south of Denmark’s position.

WATCH: Mars Glaciers and Brain Terrain.



While some locations on Mars have been mapped with high-resolution data, other regions of the planet’s surface have not been documented so well. So scientists have supplemented the sparse data with information about the formation and flow of the water-ice glaciers in the well-studied regions to calculate the total volume and thickness of the ice.


The HiRISE, which has collected enough data for researchers to make determinations on the amount of ice within Mars, being prepared to be attached to a spacecraft.
 Another Glacier formation taken by HiRISE.  © YOUTUBE/The Mars Underground (Screenshot taken from NASA)

"We have calculated that the ice in the glaciers is equivalent to over 150 billion cubic meters of ice – that much ice could cover the entire surface of Mars with 1.1 meters of ice. The ice at the mid-latitudes is therefore an important part of Mars' water reservoir," explained Bjørnholt Karlsson.

Thick layers of dust on Mars’ surface have until now obscured the ice formations, making them look like the surface of the ground. But scientists say the dust may also be protecting the glacial formations, preventing the ice from evaporating into space. - Sputnik News.



UFO SIGHTINGS: UFO Photographed Hovering Over Chilean Volcano - March 6, 2015!

Source: La Cuarta and Planeta UFO

April 8, 2015 -  CHILE
 - Retired academic from the University of Chile photographed a static sphere over the volcano for one minute and forty-six seconds.

Eduardo Hidalgo was a chair of the department of Kinesiology of the U. of Chile until he retired. He sold his consultancy and relocated to within 20 kilometers to the west of the volcano. At 03:00 yesterday, he woke up to relieve himself at the same time the eruption started. He ran to find a Canon camera that his son had brought him from the U.S. - "I put it on a tripod and started taking pictures that I showed the following day to a German photographer, who was intrigued by a strange dot of light," he explained.

At noon, he transferred the images to his computer and discovered an orange ball he considers to be a UFO, since unlike the material emerging from the crater, the object did not move in the sequence of eight photos taken between 3:04 to 3:05 and 46 seconds, according to the camera's timer.

"I calculate that it was some 1500 meters over the volcano. I believe it's a UFO as it remained motionless."

Meanwhile, ufologist Nicolas Maisterow said that spotting UFOs during natural disasters is a recurrent phenomenon, particularly in seismology and volcanology. "There are theories about volcanos being entrances to subterranean worlds inhabited by intraterrestrial or extraterrestrial beings," said the researcher, who recalled reports from people claiming to "imps" emerging from the ruins of the homes destroyed by the 1939 Chillán earthquake.

To paranormal researcher César Parra, "before any natural catastrophe or disaster, a series of events that border on the paranormal and the ufological can generally be seen."

[Translation (c) 2015, S. Corrales, IHU with thanks to Liliana Núñez Orellana]

- Inexplicata.

UFO SIGHTINGS: The Latest UFO Sightings Across The Globe - April 8, 2015!

UFO orb over Tijuana, Mexico

April 8, 2015 - EARTH
- The following videos constitutes several of the latest sightings of unidentified flying objects across the globe.

WATCH: UFO orb over Tijuana, Mexico - April 6, 2015.




WATCH: Cloaked cigar-shaped UFO hovers over the Popocatepetl volcano, Mexico - April 6, 2015.




Wedding photographer sees Blue UFO anomaly seen over Taiwan - April 2, 2015.


Eye-witness report:
This is a moving what??? ...... flying rod or is it an animal in flight??? Its rotating while its moving in flight with wings, but seemingly looks like flying rod waves. I did not notice it, so I was not sure, but I think I finally photographed the feeling fly rod.






WATCH: UFO activity over El Paso, Texas, United States - April 1, 2015.

Eye-witness report:
On 4/1/15 at 11:07pm, my wife, daughter, son & I observed these lights. We watched them for 20 minutes.

This is only 4 minutes of what we saw. We saw them ascend, descend and move around. The storage on my iPhone became full and I couldn’t record any more. But we actually saw them travel from El Paso to over Las Cruces in the blink of an eye.

That’s like 80 miles away in a blink. They then ascended together and moved toward Alburquerque at a high rate of speed. They were gone! I’ve been a licensed pilot for 12 years and have never seen aircraft like this or witnessed aircraft travel at such great distances so quickly.

I apologize for the audio, I was super excited! Also, video does not do this justice, it was far brighter, clearer and dramatic in person.







WATCH: Triangle formation hovering above Long Beach, California, United States - April 1, 2015.

Eye-witness report:
Object(s) with three lights seen at about 8:50pm on Easter Sunday hovering southwest of my vantage point. The silent objects glided eastward and looked like orange fireballs. They flashed erratically and then disappeared one by one.







EXOPOLITICAL DISCLOSURE: ETs for Hillary - Why UFO Activists Are Excited About Another Clinton Presidency?!


April 8, 2015 -  UNITED STATES
 - Stephen Bassett is ready for Hillary. Bassett, Capitol Hill's only registered UFO lobbyist, anticipates that another Clinton presidency will offer another shot at what's long been the Holy Grail for extraterrestrial enthusiasts: full disclosure of what the US government really knows about aliens. "This is the most important issue in the world," he says.

His enthusiasm is shared by Michael Salla, an academic turned UFO researcher who maintains that aliens have been secretly involved in American politics since the Cold War. He thinks a Clinton presidency would be a good thing for the UFO community. "I think Hillary would play a positive role in getting this information out," he says. "I think that Hillary definitely is much more the pro-disclosure candidate, where as someone like Jeb Bush is basically status quo."
The UFO activists' hopes for Hillary are pinned on the assumption she believes in their cause—despite having never spoken publicly about it. In particular, they are encouraged that John Podesta, Bill Clinton's former chief of staff, will likely chair Clinton's campaign and would likely serve in another Clinton White House. As a self-described "curious skeptic," Podesta has openly called for greater government transparency on UFO-related matters. In his forward to UFOs: Generals, Pilots, and Government Officials Go on the Record, a 2011 book by journalist Leslie Kean, he wrote, "It's time to find out what the truth really is that's out there. The American people—and people around the world—want to know, and they can handle the truth."

Podesta's interest in extraterrestrial phenomenon is nothing new. In 1998, the Washington Post described his "fanatical devotion to 'The X-Files'—especially FBI agent Fox Mulder, with whom he shares a penchant for obsessiveness and paranoia." Grant Cameron, a Canadian UFO researcher, unsuccessfully tried to get the Clinton Library to release records detailing Podesta's X-Files-themed 50th birthday party, which was apparently thrown by the first couple—who may have dressed up as the show's main characters.

In February, as he prepared to step down as a senior adviser to President Obama, Podesta tweeted about the UFO issue:

John Podesta tweet.

While the tweet may have been tongue in cheek, UFO activists went nuts over it. "It was a big frickin' deal," says Bassett. "Someone who has been an adviser to the president of the United States, and is leaving his job, and it's already been announced publicly that he is going to be a key adviser to the heir apparent to the White House, the de facto candidate, does not, on the day he leaves the White House, put out a tweet about UFOs. He's inviting hundreds of articles to be written about this tweet." Podesta did not respond to a request for comment.

The other reason that UFO enthusiasts are excited about a potential Clinton victory goes back to the X-Files era. In early 1993, Laurance S. Rockefeller began to lobby the Clinton administration to release any government information related to UFOs and extraterrestrials, including the 1947 Roswell incident. The fourth child of John D. Rockefeller Jr., Rockefeller was a successful venture capitalist, philanthropist, and conservationist. One of his lesser-known interests was UFOs. (He died in 2004.)

Over the next three years, Rockefeller and his associates corresponded and met with officials in the White House's Office of Science and Technology Policy, according to documents released as part of a records request filed by Cameron. The effort, known as the Rockefeller Initiative, helped push the Air Force to produce what it characterized as the definitive report on Roswell. (UFO activists were not satisfied, to say the least.) The initiative  also may have helped spur a 1995 executive order that declassified millions of records, of which the vast majority were not UFO-related.

In August 1995, Rockefeller met with Hillary Clinton, and perhaps Bill, at his Wyoming ranch. In a memo, the then-director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, Jack Gibbons, warned the Clintons about Rockefeller's agenda before the visit. "[Rockefeller] will want to talk with you about his interest in extrasensory perception, paranormal phenomena, and UFO's," he wrote. Gibbons said he'd tried to persuade Rockefeller "not to bother you with this issue" and to focus instead on the administration's science and technology policies. Rockefeller, he continued, "knows that we are trying to be helpful in responding to his concerns about UFO's [sic] and human potential—and that we're keeping an open mind about such matters—but I've made no secret about my conviction that we must not be too diverted from more earthly imperatives." Gibbons could not be reached for comment.


Hillary Clinton with Laurance Rockefeller at his Wyoming ranch in 1995 Grant Cameron/Stephen Bassett

Documents from the Rockefeller Initiative posted on Bassett's website suggest that the first lady was kept in the loop. A November 1995 letter to Gibbons from one of Rockefeller's lawyers included a draft letter to President Clinton "which Laurance has been discussing with Mrs. Clinton and her staff." Three months later, Rockefeller wrote Gibbons about the letter, which the White House was apparently in no hurry to receive: "It well may be that it will be timely to put this before the President late this year in order that it might receive attention in a second term. You indicated that you will keep the First Lady's Office informed, and we shall as well."

Bassett says the Rockefeller Initiative proves that the Clintons were interested in pursuing meaningful UFO and extraterrestrial disclosure. "You don't go through all of this, and have this much work, just to amuse a billionaire," he says. "If you did, you'd have to answer to that." Bassett has been lobbying for congressional hearings on the question of UFO contact with the US government. He says that forcing the Clintons to discuss the Rockefeller Initiative is key to his strategy. "I call it the exopolitical blue dress," he says, referring to Monica Lewinsky's infamous blue dress and "exopolitics," a term for the intersection of terrestrial politics and extraterrestrial beings.

Salla, who has claimed that humans are currently in touch with 17 extraterrestrial civilizations, says that Hillary Clinton's return is another indicator that the truth is coming. He cites Jimmy Kimmel's recent interview with President Obama, in which the president quipped that he hasn't delved into the government's UFO files because "the aliens won't let it happen. You'd reveal all their secrets. They exercise strict control over us."

Where most people heard a punch line, Salla discerned a direct link to Podesta and perhaps something deeper. "The fact that he said aliens exert strict control over us—no president has ever said that before, even as a joke," Salla says. "Obama said things that shouldn't just be assumed to be throwaway lines. A senior adviser a month before said he was frustrated by a lack of progress and now you have Obama on Jimmy Kimmel saying that. I think it's worth raising the question."

Asked for clarification of Hillary Clinton's stance on UFO disclosure, a spokesman from her office responded via email. "Our non-campaign has a strict policy of not commenting on extraterrestrial activity," Nick Merrill wrote. "BUT, the Truth Is Out There."

WATCH: President Obama denies knowledge of aliens.



- Mother Jones.




UFO SIGHTINGS: Latest MUFON Cases Across The United States - Three Cigar UFOs Spotted Over Omaha; And Texas Witness Says Two UFOs Were Followed By Black Helicopter!

Illustration

April 8, 2015 -  UNITED STATES
 - The following constitutes several of the latest reports of UFO sightings, courtesy of the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON).


Three cigar UFOs spotted over Omaha

A Nebraska witness at Omaha reported watching three, “cylinder-shaped objects” flying slowly in formation, according to testimony in Case 64336 from the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) witness reporting database.

The witness stepped outside at 11:20 p.m. on March 30, 2015, and noticed an object crossing the sky that could not be identified.

“My first thought was that it was so quiet because usually if a plane flies overhead I can hear it all too well,” the witness stated.

The witness then noticed more objects.


One of the cigar-shaped objects moved out of formation during the sighting. Pictured: The Saint Cecilia Cathedral against an Omaha summer sunset. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)
One of the cigar-shaped objects moved out of formation during the sighting. Pictured: The Saint Cecilia
Cathedral against an Omaha summer sunset. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

“I also noticed that it had three pale yellow, cigar shapes running parallel to each other moving in formation as it flew west. I thought it was strange because except for the pale yellow coloring, there were no other lights, but still I thought maybe it was a plane.”

Then one of the cigar objects moved out of formation.

“As I thought that, the middle cigar shape moved out of formation and then a second later back into formation. So, then I thought maybe it wasn’t one solid object at all, maybe three small, pale, planes flying in formation for some reason.”

The witness felt uneasy and went back inside.

“That’s when I realized that it just didn’t look like a plane(s); no blinking red or white lights, no apparent wings, no sound. I have 20/20 vision and there was a bit of a moon out, so I saw it pretty well. It was just odd. I’d like to know what it was I saw. Maybe it was something ordinary like a plane(s), just not one I’d ever seen before. I wish I knew.”

Omaha is the largest city in the state of Nebraska, population 434,353.


The witness said there were no blinking red or white lights on the objects, no apparent wings and no sound. Pictured: Omaha's Old Market in Downtown Omaha. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)
The witness said there were no blinking red or white lights on the objects, no apparent wings and no sound.
Pictured: Omaha’s Old Market in Downtown Omaha. (Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

Nebraska is currently a UFO Alert Level 4 – with 2.16 sightings per million population based on MUFON February 2015 statistics. Nebraska received a total of four UFO reports in March.

The UFO Alert Rating System is based on five levels – 1 through 5 – where states with 4.01 or higher reports per million residents are rated an Alert 1; 3.01 – 4.0 reports are an Alert 2; 2.51 – 3.0 are an Alert 3; 2.01 – 2.5 are an Alert 4; and those states with 2.0 or lower are rated an Alert 5.


Texas witness says two UFOs were followed by black helicopter

A Texas witness traveling northbound along Route 95 near Taylor reported watching a rectangular-shaped UFO accompanied by an oval object and a black helicopter about 2:15 p.m. on April 4, 2015, according to testimony in Case 64439 from the Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) witness reporting database.


The witness noticed that the rectangle-shaped object was accompanied by a small, white, indistinct, round or oval object and a black helicopter. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)
The witness noticed that the rectangle-shaped object was accompanied by a small, white, indistinct, round
or oval object and a black helicopter. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)

The witness first saw the rectangular object about seven miles due north of his location along Route 95 apparently hovering over the town of Taylor.

“The rectangular shape was somewhat indistinct at first. At first I thought that it could be a blimp, but very quickly realized that it was not.”


The witness first saw the rectangular object about seven miles due north of his location along Route 95 apparently hovering over the town of Taylor. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)
The witness first saw the rectangular object about seven miles due north of his location along Route 95 apparently
hovering over the town of Taylor. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)



As the witness approached the object, it appeared to move slowly westward.

“At times it appeared to be two long shapes parallel to each other, again somewhat indistinct or blurry.”

The witness then noticed two other objects.

“I soon noticed that it was accompanied by a small, white, indistinct, round or oval object (definitely NOT an airplane) and a black helicopter. By the time I was about two miles south of Taylor, the rectangle was clear and distinct, floating on one of its long edges and changing attitude slowly. By the time I reached Taylor at Texas 79 it appeared to be only two-to-three miles to the west, and I was excited that I would have a very close-up view within a couple of minutes.”

The witness reached for his phone to call a friend before turning onto 79 and when he looked up a few seconds later it was gone.

“Judging by the size of the helicopter, the rectangle must have been at least 300 feet long. It had a white or gray stripe lengthwise across its center. No lights were observed on the object.”


The witness said the rectangle must have been at least 300 feet long with a white or gray stripe lengthwise across its center. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)
The witness said the rectangle must have been at least 300 feet long with a white or gray stripe lengthwise
across its center. Pictured: Taylor, TX. (Credit: Google)

Taylor is a city in Williamson County, Texas, population 13,575.

Texas is currently a UFO Alert Level 4 – with 0.58 sightings per million population based on MUFON February 2015 statistics. Texas received a total of 15 UFO reports in March.

The UFO Alert Rating System is based on five levels – 1 through 5 – where states with 4.01 or higher reports per million residents are rated an Alert 1; 3.01 – 4.0 reports are an Alert 2; 2.51 – 3.0 are an Alert 3; 2.01 – 2.5 are an Alert 4; and those states with 2.0 or lower are rated an Alert 5.

Please remember that most UFO sighting can be explained as something natural or man-made. The above quotes were edited for clarity. Please report UFO activity to MUFON.com.


- Open Minds.



ANOTHER EARTH: NASA - "The Milky Way And Universe Is Awash In Water"!

The Daily Galaxy via http://www.nasa.gov

April 8, 2015 - SPACE - As NASA missions explore our solar system and search for new worlds, they are finding water in surprising places. Water is but one piece of our search for habitable planets and life beyond Earth, yet it links many seemingly unrelated worlds in surprising ways. "NASA science activities have provided a wave of amazing findings related to water in recent years that inspire us to continue investigating our origins and the fascinating possibilities for other worlds, and life, in the universe," said Ellen Stofan, chief scientist for the agency. "In our lifetime, we may very well finally answer whether we are alone in the solar system and beyond."

The chemical elements in water, hydrogen and oxygen, are some of the most abundant elements in the universe. Astronomers see the signature of water in giant molecular clouds between the stars, in disks of material that represent newborn planetary systems, and in the atmospheres of giant planets orbiting other stars.

There are several worlds thought to possess liquid water beneath their surfaces, and many more that have water in the form of ice or vapor. Water is found in primitive bodies like comets and asteroids, and dwarf planets like Ceres. The atmospheres and interiors of the four giant planets -- Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune -- are thought to contain enormous quantities of the wet stuff, and their moons and rings have substantial water ice.

Perhaps the most surprising water worlds are the five icy moons of Jupiter and Saturn that show strong evidence of oceans beneath their surfaces: Ganymede, Europa and Callisto at Jupiter, and Enceladus and Titan at Saturn.

Scientists using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope recently provided powerful evidence that Ganymede has a saltwater, sub-surface ocean, likely sandwiched between two layers of ice.

Europa and Enceladus are thought to have an ocean of liquid water beneath their surface in contact with mineral-rich rock, and may have the three ingredients needed for life as we know it: liquid water, essential chemical elements for biological processes, and sources of energy that could be used by living things. NASA's Cassini mission has revealed Enceladus as an active world of icy geysers. Recent research suggests it may have hydrothermal activity on its ocean floor, an environment potentially suitable for living organisms.

NASA spacecraft have also found signs of water in permanently shadowed craters on Mercury and our moon, which hold a record of icy impacts across the ages like cryogenic keepsakes.

While our solar system may seem drenched in some places, others seem to have lost large amounts of water.

On Mars, NASA spacecraft have found clear evidence that the Red Planet had water on its surface for long periods in the distant past. NASA's Curiosity Mars Rover discovered an ancient streambed that existed amidst conditions favorable for life as we know it.

More recently, NASA scientists using ground-based telescopes were able to estimate the amount of water Mars has lost over the eons. They concluded the planet once had enough liquid water to form an ocean occupying almost half of Mars' northern hemisphere, in some regions reaching depths greater than a mile (1.6 kilometers). But where did the water go?

It's clear some of it is in the Martian polar ice caps and below the surface. We also think much of Mars' early atmosphere was stripped away by the wind of charged particles that streams from the sun, causing the planet to dry out. NASA's MAVEN mission is hard at work following this lead from its orbit around Mars.

The story of how Mars dried out is intimately connected to how the Red Planet's atmosphere interacts with the solar wind. Data from the agency's solar missions -- including STEREO, Solar Dynamics Observatory and the planned Solar Probe Plus -- are vital to helping us better understand what happened.

Understanding the distribution of water in our solar system tells us a great deal about how the planets, moons, comets and other bodies formed 4.5 billion years ago from the disk of gas and dust that surrounded our sun. The space closer to the sun was hotter and drier than the space farther from the sun, which was cold enough for water to condense. The dividing line, called the "frost line," sat around Jupiter's present-day orbit. Even today, this is the approximate distance from the sun at which the ice on most comets begins to melt and become "active." Their brilliant spray releases water ice, vapor, dust and other chemicals, which are thought to form the bedrock of most worlds of the frigid outer solar system.

Scientists think it was too hot in the solar system's early days for water to condense into liquid or ice on the inner planets, so it had to be delivered -- possibly by comets and water-bearing asteroids. NASA's Dawn mission is currently studying Ceres, which is the largest body in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Researchers think Ceres might have a water-rich composition similar to some of the bodies that brought water to the three rocky, inner planets, including Earth.

The amount of water in the giant planet Jupiter holds a critical missing piece to the puzzle of our solar system's formation. Jupiter was likely the first planet to form, and it contains most of the material that wasn't incorporated into the sun. The leading theories about its formation rest on the amount of water the planet soaked up. To help solve this mystery, NASA's Juno mission will measure this important quantity beginning in mid-2016.

Looking further afield, observing other planetary systems as they form is like getting a glimpse of our own solar system's baby pictures, and water is a big part of that story. For example, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has observed signs of a hail of water-rich comets raining down on a young solar system, much like the bombardment planets in our solar system endured in their youth.

With the study of exoplanets -- planets that orbit other stars -- we are closer than ever to finding out if other water-rich worlds like ours exist. In fact, our basic concept of what makes planets suitable for life is closely tied to water: Every star has a habitable zone, or a range of distances around it in which temperatures are neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to exist. NASA's planet-hunting Kepler mission was designed with this in mind. Kepler looks for planets in the habitable zone around many types of stars.

Recently verifying its thousandth exoplanet, Kepler data confirm that the most common planet sizes are worlds just slightly larger than Earth. Astronomers think many of those worlds could be entirely covered by deep oceans. Kepler's successor, K2, continues to watch for dips in starlight to uncover new worlds.

The agency's upcoming TESS mission will search nearby, bright stars in the solar neighborhood for Earth- and super-Earth-sized exoplanets. Some of the planets TESS discovers may have water, and NASA's next great space observatory, the James Webb Space Telescope, will examine the atmospheres of those special worlds in great detail.

It's easy to forget that the story of Earth's water, from gentle rains to raging rivers, is intimately connected to the larger story of our solar system and beyond. But our water came from somewhere -- every world in our solar system got its water from the same shared source. So it's worth considering that the next glass of water you drink could easily have been part of a comet, or an ocean moon, or a long-vanished sea on the surface of Mars. And note that the night sky may be full of exoplanets formed by similar processes to our home world, where gentle waves wash against the shores of alien seas. - Daily Galaxy.
 



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